Book V: After the armistice is concluded, Cleon, emboldened by his success in Pylos, leads an expedition through Thrace to Torone where he takes Torone, destroying some of Brasidas’ fortifications. He makes Eion his base and Brasidas makes Amphipolis his, whereupon Cleon attacks, however in his delusions of grandeur he misjudges his ability, and tries to retreat too late. In the fighting, Cleon is killed but his nemesis, Brasidas, is also fatally wounded.
|Argos from Mycene (1884)
|Near Athens (1863-65)
Harry John Johnson
With the Corinthians once again causing trouble, they attempt to persuade Argos to go against Sparta. Other states, uneasy with the treaty between the two major players, consider an alliance with the Argives. More small invasions continue as does political plotting. The Argives attempt to elicit a treaty with Sparta but changes its mind and makes one with Athens. Alcibiades opposes Athens’ treaty with Sparta and Nicias pushes for its fulfillment while attempting to delay their treaty with the Argives, however he fails and the treaty is made, yet even so, the Athens and Sparta alliance continues. The Spartans surround Argive forces, yet a truce is called by their leaders, Agis king of Sparta (remember the Spartan dual-king thing) and the Argive, Thrasylus. The people on each side are furious at the undemocratic decision, each thinking they could have won; Thrasylus is stoned and has to flee to an altar to save his life and Agis nearly loses his home and is fined. Instead, they enact a law, giving Agis ten counsellors and he is unable to make a decision without them.
More fighting between Sparta and her allies and the Argives and her allies, then the Argives make an alliance with Sparta. With infighting in Argos, the Argives change their minds again and reforge ties with Athens.Athens launches an expedition against Melos and after persuasive arguments, finally kills the men, sells the women and children as slaves, and settles Melos itself.
|The bay of Milos